Online Books MLA Style

Citation guidelines are based on the MLA Handbook for "Writers of Research Papers", by John Gibaldi. 5th ed. New York: The Modern Language Association of America, 1999.

In general, the information needed to cite an eBook is:
  • Author
  • Title
  • Print version publication place, publisher and date (if available)
  • Title of site
  • Electronic version publication date (if available)
  • Date accessed (unique for each user)
  • URL (in the following examples, the netLibrary URLs are for the "About This eBook" page)


For publicly accessible eBooks, other entities or projects may have created the electronic book, so additional information may be needed, such as:
*Title of site or project
*Editor of site or project
*Name of institution or organization sponsoring the site or project

Citations (In Text)
General Format: (Author, page number(s) in parenthesis)
Example: During the Civil War, female couriers for spies "hid messages in their upswept hairdos, in the hems of their petticoats, and behind pictures in their lockets" (Zeinert, Karen. 29-30).

Bibliographic References

General Format

Author. Title in italics or underlined. Publication place (print): Publisher (print), Publication date (print). Title of site in italics or underlined. Editor of site or project. Publication date (electronic). Name of institution or organization sponsoring the site. Date accessed (unique for each user). .

Examples of Publicly Accessible Titles:
Ferber, Edna. One Basket. Champaign, Ill: Project Gutenberg, 199?. netLibrary. 6 Mar. 2001. .

Robinson, Mary. Sappho and Phaon. London: S. Gosnell, 1796. The Electronic Text Center. Ed. David Seaman. 1994. University of Virginia Library. 6 Mar. 2001. .

Wharton, Edith. The Age of Innocence. Charlottesville, VA: University of Virginia Library, 1996. netLibrary. 1999. 6 Mar. 2001. .

Examples of Copyrighted Titles:
Dronke, Peter. Medieval Latin and the Rise of European Love-Lyric. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1968. netLibrary. 1999. 6 Mar. 2001.

Online Books APA Style

The guidelines for citing eBooks outlined here are based on the APA's Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, Fourth Edition, Washington, DC: American Psychological Association, 1994 and the document "Electronic Reference Formats Recommended by the American Psychological Association" (2001, January 10) that is posted on the APA?s web site (www.apastyle.org/elecref.html)

In general, the information needed to cite an E-BOOK is:

  • Author
  • Print version publication date (electronic version publication date if there is no print version)
  • Title
  • Print version publication place and publisher.
  • Date accessed (unique for each user)
  • Internet location eBook accessed from (examples: World Wide Web, netLibrary, University of Virginia Library's Electronic Text Center)
  • URL (in the following examples, the netLibrary URLs are for the "About This eBook" page)


Citations (In Text)

General Format:(Author, publication date (print), page number(s) in parenthesis)

Example: During the Civil War, female couriers for spies "hid messages in their upswept hairdos, in the hems of their petticoats, and behind pictures in their lockets" (Zeinert, Karen, 1998, 29-30).

Bibliographic References General Format

Author. (Print version publication date in parenthesis). Title in italics or underlined. Publication place (print): Publisher (print). Retrieved date accessed, from Internet location: URL

Examples of Publicly Accessible Titles:

Ferber, Edna. (199?). One Basket. Champaign, Ill: Project Gutenberg. Retrieved March 6, 2001, from netLibrary: (www.netLibrary.com/urlapi.asp?action=summary&v=1&bookid=2009409)

Wharton, Edith. (1996). The Age of Innocence. Charlottesville, VA: University of Virginia Library. Retrieved March 6, 2001, from netLibrary:
http://www.netLibrary.com/urlapi.asp?action=summary&&v=1&&bookid=2009766


Examples of Copyrighted Titles:

Kerr, Jessica. (1997). Shakespeare?s Flowers. Boulder CO: Johnson Books. Retrieved March 6, 2001, from netLibrary:
http://www.netLibrary.com/urlapi.asp?action=summary&&v=1&&bookid=60


Zeinert, Karen. (1998). Those Courageous Women of the Civil War. Brookfield, Conn.: Millbrook Press. Retrieved March 6, 2001, from netLibrary
http://www.netLibrary.com/urlapi.asp?action=summary&&v=1&&bookid=28948